Eva Xiao and Laurent Thomet –
China’s lockdown of an entire city to contain a virus outbreak stands in contrast to its handling of the deadly SARS crisis two decades ago, when it was criticised for being secretive and indecisive.
The new virus has killed 17 and infected more than 500 other people, with most cases found in Wuhan, the central city of 11 million people where outward flights and trains were indefinitely suspended on Thursday.
Like SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), China’s new disease is contagious between humans, and is part of the same family of coronaviruses.
But unlike the 2003 SARS epidemic, when China drew international condemnation for covering up cases, Beijing is taking a starkly different approach to contain the new disease, experts say.
“Chinese authorities express the willingness to collaborate more transparently and more quickly than for (the) SARS outbreak,” Antoine Flahault, deputy director of the Swiss School of Public Health, said.
“This is (a) tremendously different attitude from 2003, although there are some pending questions regarding the exact number of cases and potential for underreporting.” The consequences of the information blackout during the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak were keenly felt in China.
Nearly 650 people died across the mainland and Hong Kong from the disease.
During the SARS epidemic, the Chinese government took months to report the disease and initially denied World Health Organization (WHO) experts access to southern Guangdong province, where it originated.
But Beijing — well-aware its response will be compared with the legacy of SARS — seems determined not to repeat the mistakes of 2003 with the new coronavirus.
Even state media has admitted that “government agencies cannot hide information even if they want to” in the age of social media.
“The whole nation has sharpened its vigilance,” said Zhong Nanshan, a renowned scientist at China’s National Health Commission, state television reported on Monday.
“The SARS epidemic of 17 years ago will not be repeated.” The disease has also spread to other countries, including the United States, South Korea, Thailand, and Japan.
The Chinese government has published regular updates of the new virus since announcing its appearance at the end of December, the exact opposite to its response in 2003.
The country saw its first case of SARS in November 2002, but Beijing waited until February to officially acknowledge the disease, which it downplayed then as “effectively controlled”.
Chinese authorities also repeatedly failed to coordinate with the WHO, which urged “full and open” reporting of cases.
In addition to Guangdong province, WHO experts were also blocked from accessing Beijing military hospitals with suspected SARS patients.
By early June 2003, more than 300 people in China had died from the disease, while another 5,329 remained infected.
In contrast, the head of the WHO, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyes, on Wednesday hailed the “very, very strong measures” taken by China this time around.
He praised its openness about the current outbreak as “commendable”.
Tedros spoke after the global body held a meeting on Wednesday to decide whether to classify the outbreak as a global health emergency. International experts were split and a new meeting was to be held yesterday. — AFP