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New Basic Law sets mechanism for appointment of Crown Prince


MUSCAT: His Majesty Sultan Haitham bin Tarik on Monday issued two Royal Decrees.

Royal Decree No 6/2021 on the promulgation of the Basic Law of the State.

“We, Haitham bin Tarik, Sultan of Oman. In reaffirmation of the principles that formed the foundations of the Sultanate, guided its policies in different fields and promoted it locally, regionally and internationally and, in the consolidation of the global status of the Sultanate and its role in establishing pillars of justice, security, stability and peace among countries and peoples of the world, in pursuance of efforts for reshaping a better future of further achievements, in continuation of citizens’ contribution and empowering them through participation in decision-making on all aspects of life, in the preservation of the nation and protection of its lands, unity, social texture and civilisation, in the reinforcement of rights, duties and public liberties, in support for the State’s institutions and consolidation of Shura principles, and in serving the public interest, We have decreed the following:

Article (1): A Basic Law of the State in accordance with the version attached to this Decree shall be promulgated.

Article (2): Royal Decrees No 101/96 and 99/2011 shall be canceled.

Article (3): This Decree shall be published in the Official Gazette and enforced from its date of issue.

Royal Decree No 7/2021 promulgates the Council of Oman’s Law.

Article (1) states that the Council of Oman Law attached to this Decree shall be enforced.

Article (2) cancels Royal Decrees No 86/97, 87/97, and 88/97, as well as all that contradicts this Decree or the attached Council of Oman Law or contravenes their provisions.

Article (3) says that this Decree shall be published in the Official Gazette and enforced from the day following its date of publication. — ONA

The mechanism for appointment of Crown Prince and his duties

MUSCAT: His Majesty Sultan Haitham bin Tarik’s issuance of Royal Decrees No 6/2021 and 7/2021 respond to the needs of the Sultanate over the coming stage and conform with the strategic Vision Oman 2040.

Royal Decree No 6/2021, which promulgates a new Basic Law of the State, focuses on the following points:

Setting a specific and stable mechanism for the transfer of power in the Sultanate.

Sets a mechanism for the appointment of a Crown Prince and outlines his duties, specialisations and prerogatives.

Reaffirms the principle of ‘rule of the law’, the Independence of the Judiciary and Justice as basic pillars of rule in the country.

Underscores the State’s role in sponsoring citizens’ rights and liberties, notably: Equality between men and women, child care, rights of the disabled, and youth welfare.

Compulsory education until the end of the Basic Education stage; encouraging the setting up of universities, promoting scholarly research, and sponsoring the talented and innovators.

The right to a decent life, human dignity, safe and secure life, the inviolability of private life and that prisons as institutions of reform, should come under the supervision of the judiciary.

Protection of the heritage and considering its breach or trading in it a crime punishable by law.

The Basic Law also dedicated a full chapter to the Governance of State Institutions, the follow-up of government performance and the monitoring of the same through a committee that reports directly to His Majesty the Sultan. The committee shall be tasked with following up and assessing the performance of ministers, under-secretaries, and officials of similar ranking. The role of the State’s Financial and Administrative Audit Institution shall be enhanced in this respect.

The basic law reiterates the importance of establishing a system for local administration. It also underscores the role of the Council of Oman and its contribution to the country’s comprehensive development. Accordingly, the Basic Law of the State dedicated a special chapter to the Council of Oman that included the most important provisions related to this Council and the specialisations entrusted to it, including Endorsing or amending laws to be forwarded by the government, as well as proposals on draft laws, development plans, and state budgets. It also sets standards for follow-up of the Majlis Ash’shura.

As for the Council of Oman law, Royal Decree No 7/2021 has defined its prerogatives, conditions for its membership, and all rights and duties of its members and other affairs of the Council. — ONA


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