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Layoffs at tech giants reverse small part of a pandemic hiring spree


For a stretch of the pandemic, tech companies couldn’t hire fast enough. Talent wars broke out in Silicon Valley, with firms vying for software engineers, often lavishing extravagant perks on their new and would-be hires. As profits soared, executives acted as if the party would never end.

Now, it has — and workers are bearing the brunt of pullbacks. Nearly 200,000 tech employees have been laid off since the start of 2022, according to, a site that tracks job cuts in the sector. Four of the largest tech companies — Alphabet, Amazon, Meta, and Microsoft — have announced a total of more than 50,000 job cuts in recent months.

But even after significant cuts, the largest tech companies are still behemoths. They grew enormously during the pandemic, adding tens of thousands of workers. The layoffs announced in recent weeks reverse a fraction of the hiring done in recent years.

In announcing the layoffs to employees, executives struck notably apologetic tones, expressing regrets about overzealous expansion and rapid hiring. They pointed to economic factors, made worse by inflation and rising interest rates. But they are also admitting that they over-hired, misreading the durability of the pandemic acceleration in the growth of online services.


1.54 million employees – 18,000 layoffs = 1.2% of workforce

(Since the end of 2019, the company has grown by 728,000 people.)

“As part of our annual planning process for 2023, leaders across the company have been working with their teams and looking at their workforce levels, investments they want to make in the future, and prioritizing what matters most to customers and the long-term health of our businesses. This year’s review has been more difficult given the uncertain economy and that we’ve hired rapidly over the last several years.”

— Andy Jassy, CEO,

Jan. 4


186,779 employees – 12,000 layoffs = 6.4% of workforce

“I take full responsibility for the decisions that led us here. Over the past two years we’ve seen periods of dramatic growth. To match and fuel that growth, we hired for a different economic reality than the one we face today.”

— Sundar Pichai, CEO,

Jan. 20


87,314 employees – 11,000 layoffs = 12.6% of workforce

“At the start of COVID, the world rapidly moved online and the surge of e-commerce led to outsized revenue growth. Many people predicted this would be a permanent acceleration that would continue even after the pandemic ended. I did too, so I made the decision to significantly increase our investments. Unfortunately, this did not play out the way I expected.”

— Mark Zuckerberg, CEO,

Nov. 9


221,000 employees – 10,000 layoffs = 4.5% of workforce

“We’re living through times of significant change, and as I meet with customers and partners, a few things are clear. First, as we saw customers accelerate their digital spend during the pandemic, we’re now seeing them optimize their digital spending to do more with less.”

— Satya Nadella, CEO,

Jan. 18

This article originally appeared in The New York Times.

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