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EDITOR IN CHIEF- ABDULLAH BIN SALIM AL SHUEILI

Sadr wins Iraq vote, former PM Maliki close behind
Supporters of Moqtada al Sadr celebrate in Baghdad's Tahrir square on Monday night. - AFP
Supporters of Moqtada al Sadr celebrate in Baghdad's Tahrir square on Monday night. - AFP

BAGHDAD: Cleric Moqtada al Sadr's party was the biggest winner in an Iraqi election on Monday, increasing the number of seats he holds in parliament, according to initial results, officials and a spokesperson for the Sadrist Movement.


Former prime minister Nouri al Maliki looked set to have the next largest win among the parties, initial results showed.


Iraq's minority groups have dominated governments and government formation since the US-led invasion of 2003 that toppled Saddam Hussein and catapulted the majority and the Kurds to power.


Sunday's election was held several months early, in response to mass protests in 2019 that toppled a government and showed widespread anger against political leaders whom many Iraqis say have enriched themselves at the expense of the country.


But a record low turnout suggested that a vote billed as an chance to wrest control from the ruling elite would do little to dislodge sectarian religious parties in power since 2003.


A count based on initial results from several provinces plus the capital Baghdad, verified by local government officials, suggested Sadr had won more than 70 seats, which if confirmed could give him considerable influence in forming a government.


However, Sadr's group is just one of several that will have to enter negotiations to form a coalition capable of dominating parliament and forming an administration, a period of jockeying for position that may take weeks or longer.


Sadr broadcast a live speech on state TV claiming victory and promising a nationalist government free of foreign interference.


"We welcome all embassies that do not interfere in Iraq's internal affairs," he said, adding that celebrations would take place in the streets "without weapons".


Sadr has increased his power over the Iraqi state since coming first in the 2018 election where his coalition won 54 seats.


The unpredictable populist cleric has been a dominant figure and often kingmaker in Iraqi politics since the US invasion.


He opposes all foreign interference in Iraq, whether by the United States, against which he fought an insurgency after 2003.


Sadr, however, is regularly in Iran, according to officials close to him, and has called for the withdrawal of US troops from Iraq, where Washington maintains a force of around 2,500 in a continuing fight against IS.


The initial results also showed that pro-reform candidates who emerged from the 2019 protests had gained several seats in the 329-member parliament.


Some parties with links to militia groups accused of killing some of the nearly 600 people who died in the protests took a blow, winning less seats than in the last election in 2018, according to the initial results and local officials.


Kurdish parties won 61 seats, the results showed, including 32 for the Kurdistan Democratic Party which dominates the government of the autonomous Kurdish region of Iraq, and 15 for its rival the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan party.


Parliament speaker Mohammed al Halbousi's Taqaddum coalition won 38 seats, Iraq's state news agency reported, making it the second largest in parliament. Maliki's State Of Law coalition came third overall with 37.


Elections in Iraq since 2003 have been followed by protracted negotiations that can last months and serve to distribute government posts among the dominant parties.


The result on Monday is not expected to dramatically alter the balance of power in Iraq or in the wider region.


Sunday's vote was held under a new law billed by Prime Minister Mustafa al Kadhimi as a way to loosen the grip of established political parties and pave the way for independent, pro-reform candidates. Voting districts were made smaller, and the practice of awarding seats to lists of candidates sponsored by parties was abandoned. - AFP


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