Archeologists from Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) have found that ancient Oman had links with 8000-year old Indus Valley Civilization which was present in modern day Pakistan and India. They said contacts with Indus Valley has been confirmed because ancient pottery from the south Asian region had been recovered from one of the settlements in Dahwa which is located 24 km west of the Wilayat of Saham on the edge of the Hajar mountain ranges. The staff and students of the Department of Archeology at the College of Arts and Social Sciences have been conducting excavations and surveys in the area since 2013.
The site has its roots in the civilization of Umm al Nar, which dates from 2500 to 2000 BC. This archaeological site is the oldest settlement discovered in the north of Al Batinah plain. What sets the site apart is its relationship with the Harappan or Indus valley civilization, which mostly covered parts of present day Pakistan and north and northwest India.
These jars, which were manufactured either in Harappa or Mohenjo daro, prominent Indus Valley cities, modern day in Sindh where archaeologists found the largest city in the world dating back to the early Bronze Age (2500-2000 BC). Archaeologists also believe that these jars were used to transport some products from the Indus Valley by small boats across the Indus River to the shores of the Arabian Sea. They were transported by larger boats to a port near the Wilayat of Saham and then were carried on shoulders for 24 km inwards through the edges of the Hajar Mountains to the Dahwa area.