Yazidi female fighters back for revenge

She was trafficked into Raqa by the IS group but managed to escape. Now Yazidi fighter Heza is back to avenge the horrors she and thousands of others suffered.
Heza says battling IS in its Syrian bastion has helped relieve some of her trauma. “When I started fighting, I lifted some of the worries from my heart,” she says, surrounded by fellow Yazidi militia women in Raqa’s eastern Al-Meshleb district.
She and her two sisters were among thousands of women and girls from the Kurdish-speaking Yazidi minority taken hostage by IS as it swept into Iraq’s Sinjar region in August 2014.
The women were sold and traded across the extremists’ self-proclaimed “caliphate” in Syria and Iraq. Around 3,000 are believed to remain in captivity, including one of Heza’s sisters.
“When the Yazidi genocide happened, Daesh (IS) snatched up the women and girls. I was one of them,” Heza recounts.
The United Nations has qualified the massacres IS carried out against the Yazidis during the Sinjar attack as genocide.
IS separated Yazidi females from the men in Sinjar, bringing the women and girls into Raqa.
“They took us like sheep. They chased us and humiliated us in these very streets,” Heza says.
Over the course of her 10-month captivity in Raqa, Heza was bought by five different IS fighters.
Her voice strained but her eyes still sharp, the young fighter says she prefers not to detail the abuses she suffered.
Heza says she tried to commit suicide several times, an indication of the trauma she underwent.
In May 2015, she escaped from the home where she was being held to a nearby market and found a Syrian Kurdish family who smuggled her out of the city.
She travelled around 400 km across war-ravaged northeast Syria back into Iraq to join the Shengal Women’s Units (YPS).
The YPS is a part of the US-backed SDF.
Heza underwent intensive weapons training, and when the SDF announced its fight for Raqa in November 2016, she and other YPS fighters were ready.
“When the Raqa offensive began, I wanted to take part in it for all the Yazidi girls who were sold here in these streets,” she says.
“My goal is to free them, to avenge them.”
The SDF spent months tightening the noose around Raqa before breaking into the city in June, and the YPS took up their first positions in Al-Meshleb several weeks later.
It was the first time Heza was back in the northern Syrian city since her escape.
Rifles are lined up in neat rows inside the abandoned home used by the YPS as their base in Al Meshleb.
Yazidi women in brand-new uniforms gather around a crackling walkie-talkie for news from the front.
Some of them, like 20-year-old Merkan, have travelled far to join the fight against IS.
Her family is originally Yazidi Turkish, but Merkan and her 24-year-old sister Arin were raised in Germany.
“I could never have imagined a world like this. I didn’t expect things like this could happen,” Merkan says.
“I was in so much pain,” says the tall militiawoman.
Her older sister decided to travel to Sinjar in late 2014 to join the YPS, and Merkan followed in early 2015.
“I only had one goal in front of me: liberating the Yazidi women, and all women who were still in Daesh’s clutches.”
“Yesterday there was Al Qaeda and today there’s Daesh. We don’t know who will come next. I want to go anywhere there is injustice,” Merkan said. — AFP

Rouba El-Husseini