Syrian rebels doubt Kazakh talks

Not positive: Accuse Moscow of failing to get the Damascus govt to comply with ceasefire  –

AMMAN/BEIRUT: Syrian rebels cast doubt on Monday over whether they would attend Russian-backed talks in Kazakhstan this week, accusing Moscow of failing to get the Damascus government to fully comply with a ceasefire agreement or to implement goodwill gestures such as a prisoner release.
The Kazakh government said on Saturday it had invited Syrian government and rebel delegations to a meeting on February 15-16.
The sides attended a similar, indirect meeting in the Kazakh capital Astana last month.
Mohammad al Aboud, a senior rebel official, said the delegation would not attend. “There were violations in the ceasefire and the Russians did not live up to their promises to halt these violations,” al Aboud said.
A second rebel official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said at most a handful of rebels might attend, but only if progress was seen in the next two days. “The (whole) delegation will not go,” he said. An exiled advocate for China’s ethnic Uighur minority said on Monday that some of the group were fighting and dying in Syria — including for IS — though she claimed they had been duped into doing so.
Rebiya Kadeer, who heads the World Uyghur Congress (WUC), said that among the thousands of Uighurs who have fled to Southeast Asia, Turkey and elsewhere in recent years, a small number have ended up in the war-torn Middle Eastern country and have joined militant groups.
“Some Uighurs… died after Russian airplanes bombed them, they were killed in Syria,” she said at a press conference during a visit to Japan.
Russia’s militarily backs the regime of President Bashar al Assad in Syria’s civil war, which erupted in 2011 and has left more than 300,000 people dead. Numerous groups, including IS, are fighting for control of the country.
The mostly Muslim Uighurs, who speak a Turkic language and number some 10 million, are native to the northwestern Chinese region of Xinjiang bordering Central Asia and have long complained of religious and cultural discrimination.
China has frequently warned that radical forces from outside have inspired terror attacks in Xinjiang as well as in other regions of the country and has launched a harsh crackdown.
It says among Uighurs who have fled are some seeking to train with extremists in Syria to eventually return and fight for independence in Xinjiang.
In 2015, China’s security ministry said more than 100 Uighurs that were repatriated by Thailand had been on their way to Turkey, Syria or Iraq “to join jihad”. Once a wealthy and prominent businesswoman, Kadeer, now 70, fell out with the Chinese government and was jailed before her 2005 release into exile in the United States where she serves as president of the WUC.
She said Uighurs who end up in Syria are vulnerable and prone to being “brainwashed” into joining the fighting there, but still denounced them.
“We think they are just like criminal groups in our society,” she said.
The WUC describes itself as a “peaceful opposition movement against Chinese occupation of East Turkestan” — their name for Xinjiang.
It says it promotes “human rights, religious freedom, and democracy” for Uighurs and advocates “peaceful, nonviolent, and democratic means to determine their political future”. But China has blamed the WUC, as well as the shadowy East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM), of radicalising Uighurs and fomenting violence and independence.
Overseas experts, however, have expressed scepticism, with some accusing China of exaggerating the Uighur threat to justify a tough security regime in resource-rich Xinjiang. Human Rights groups argue that harsh police tactics and government campaigns against Muslim religious practices, such as the wearing of veils, have fuelled Uighur violence.
China says it has boosted development in Xinjiang and upholds minority and religious rights for all 56 ethnic groups. — Agencies