Isro puts sharp-eyed HysIS and 30 foreign satellites into orbit

SRIHARIKOTA: India on Thursday put into orbit its own earth observation satellite with a sharp eye, the Hyper Spectral Imaging Satellite (HysIS), and 30 other foreign satellites in text-book style.
In the process, India has crossed the milestone of lifting and putting into orbit over 250 foreign satellites. India has till date has put into orbit 269 foreign satellites.
While 23 satellites are from the US, the rest are from Australia, Canada, Columbia, Finland, Malaysia, the Netherlands and Spain.
The notable aspect of the rocket mission is the placing of the satellites in two different orbits — one at a higher altitude and the others in a lower one.
After the successful launch, Indian Space Research Organization (Isro) Chairman K Sivan said: “Once again Indian space scientists showed their excellence. The PSLV injected the HysIS first and later the 30 foreign customers satellites.
The HysIS is a state-of-the-art satellite. The heart of the satellite, a critical chip called the optical imaging detector array chip was designed by Isro’s Satellite Applications Centre (SAC) and fabricated by Semi-Conductor Laboratory of Isro.
It can read up to 1000 x 66 pixels.
Queried about the HysIS’ application for strategic/defence purposes Sivan said: “Our duty is to build the satellite to identify the object clearly. The actual use of the data is left for the users.”
The primary goal of HysIS is to study the earth’s surface in visible, near infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, he said.
Hyperspectral imaging is an imaging spectroscopy which combines the power of digital imaging and spectroscopy.
This imaging technology enables to distinguish objects on the earth by reading the spectrum for each pixel of an item seen from the space.
On the manned space mission planned by Isro, Sivan said the first unmanned mission — a prelude to the manned one — will happen in December 2020.
There will be another mission later again ahead of the human space mission by 2022.
When asked about the training to be provided to the Indian astronauts Sivan said the plan is to develop most of the facilities within the country and for some training they may go overseas.
Sivan also said that the next launch will be of communication satellite GSAT-11 from French Guiana on December 5, which will followed by GSAT-7A by the Indian rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) from here.
According to him, in 2019 Isro will be launching a micro-satellite, Chandrayaan-2 (moon mission), RISAT and Cartosat satellites.
Meanwhile, on Thursday at about 9.58 am, the four staged/engine PSLV-CA rocket, standing 44.4 metres tall and weighing about 230 tonne, blasted off from the first launch pad. — IANS