America’s missing workers: Matching jobs to the jobless

Afew years ago, Derek Hobbs could not find a job. He had three strikes against him: his age, 55, a criminal record, and a drug addiction that kept him out of the formal workforce for more than 25 years. When he decided to turn his life around, most employers dismissed him without a thought.
Determined to succeed, Hobbs turned to an innovative programme specializing in matching people facing employment challenges, to available jobs. “They actually give people with those strikes against them a chance,” he said.
Hobbs is just one example of a growing problem in the US economy: companies unable to find workers with the right skills to fill open positions, and workers who can’t find a job because they have the wrong skills.
The programme Hobbs attended is in an impoverished area of Philadelphia, the neighbourhood featured in the popular Will Smith sitcom from the 1990s, “The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air”: an area so dangerous his mother sent him to live with wealthy relations in California.
The West Philadelphia Skills Initiative (WPSI) is unique among employment training programmes.
It has a hyper-local focus, with workers coming only from the area known as University City, and it trains workers for jobs that already exist in the area. This 2.4 square mile area houses two prestigious universities, research hospitals and numerous businesses.
But 31 per cent of residents live below the poverty line.
While Hobbs had a good work history as a young adult, “from the early 90s through 2012 I was an addict,” he said. Like him, many West Philadelphia residents do not have a solid habit of work.
A key challenge is to loosen the “glue” that holds them in place, surrounded as they are by friends and neighbours who don’t work, according to Sheila Ireland, who ran the WPSI programme for many years.
With the US economy creating new jobs at a solid pace of close to 175,000 a month, and with unemployment at 4.1 per cent, lower than it has been in 17 years, companies nationwide complain they cannot fill openings, even for jobs that do not require advanced skills.
The country has over six million unfilled jobs, the most since the government first began collecting data in December 2000, and yet many workers have given up looking and left the workforce, or are working part time because they cannot find a full-time position.
The typical response when workers are hard to find is to raise wages and benefits, but wage growth has been stagnant or tepid at best, just slightly higher than inflation. — AFP