Electricity crisis leaves Iraqis gasping for cool air

As the stultifying summer heat sends Iraqis in search of cool spots, restaurateur Ali Hussein provides sanctuary — even though it means hooking up to an expensive generator.
“The clients must be comfortable when they eat,” said Hussein, who stakes his reputation on ensuring customers are constantly blasted by air-conditioning.
Outside, temperatures at this time of year can reach 50 degrees Celsius, sending demand for electricity soaring.
But Iraq’s dilapidated power grid is unable to cope, leaving business owners — and the few citizens who can afford it — beholden to private supplies.
Hussein forks out 225,000 dinars a month to the owner of a generator for a 15 amp electricity supply to his Baghdad restaurant.
It’s the “gold” option, guaranteed to run uninterrupted.
But the cost is more than some Iraqis earn.
For most citizens, there is little escape from a heat that barely abates even at night. We have only “four or five hours of electricity” a day from the national grid, grocer Mouthanna Mehdi said.
Like Hussein, Mehdi earns enough to pay for electricity from a generator. But he can only afford a five amp supply.
It’s “not enough to power all the lights and the air-conditioning at the same time”, he said.
“Sometimes the generators break down or stop when they run out of fuel, which can damage our electrical appliances,” the 40-year-old added. Generators are a regular fixture on street corners in Baghdad and other major cities, often hastily installed by small businessmen to exploit peak summer demand.
But as with every crisis, there are winners as well as losers.
If the power situation “was resolved, we would lose our work”, said Hussein Kazem, who sells fuel to the owners of generators.
Experts say supply of electricity falls at least 40 per cent short of demand during the summer.
A substantial slice of the estimated $40 billion allocated to the power sector over the past 15 years has vanished.
Money from public tenders has allegedly lined the pockets of corrupt politicians and businessmen who fronted fake contracts.
In a bid to quell protests, Prime Minister Haider al Abadi on Sunday fired electricity minister Qasim al Fahdawi.
Fahdawi had been the architect of a privatisation programme that was meant to herald electricity 24 hours a day.
Iraqis say the project worked well for a few months in the zones where it was tested. But as soon as the summer heat arrived, power cuts multiplied once more. — AFP

Ammar Karim