Former US Vice President Joe Biden entered the 2020 Democratic presidential field last Thursday as an instant front-runner, drawing momentum away from other leading candidates and putting new pressure on underperformers to find ways to stay relevant.
Biden, 76, a longtime US senator who served two terms as former President Barack Obama’s No 2, announced his bid in a video describing the high stakes of the race to take on President Donald Trump in next year’s election.
“We are in the battle for the soul of this nation,” Biden said. “I believe history will look back on four years of this president and all he embraces as an aberrant moment in time. But if we give Donald Trump eight years in the White House, he will forever and fundamentally alter the character of this nation, who we are, and I cannot stand by and let that happen.”
Trump responded in a post on Twitter, saying “welcome to the race Sleepy Joe” and slamming Biden’s intelligence.
Biden joins US Senator Bernie Sanders, a self-described “Democratic socialist,” atop the 20-candidate field. With Biden positioned to be Sanders’ chief rival, the resulting clash could lay bare the conflict in the Democratic Party between its moderate and progressive wings.
Although Biden has yet to lay out policy proposals as a candidate, he backs many causes valued by progressives, including raising the minimum wage, combating climate change, banning assault weapons and free public college. He has not come out in favor of a Medicare for All plan advocated by Sanders and others.
Kyle Kondik, a political analyst at the University of Virginia, says it remains unclear if Biden can build on his loyal base of support. If that happens, it could come at Sanders’ expense. Given his longstanding support from African-Americans and his partnership with Obama, Biden could also affect the candidacy of US Senator Kamala Harris, who is widely regarded as a serious contender for the nomination.
Biden’s entry also threatens to derail the rise of Pete Buttigieg, the mayor of South Bend, Indiana, who has benefited from a surge of media coverage in recent weeks. And it further presses candidates such as former housing Secretary Julian Castro, US Senator Kirsten Gillibrand and former Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper, who have failed so far to register with voters, to come up with ways to stay in the game.
“In many ways, this settles the race down rather than shaking it up,” said Jeff Link, a Democratic strategist in Iowa who worked for Obama’s presidential campaign in 2008.
But Biden faces his own challenges, including questions about whether he is too old and too centrist for a party yearning for fresh faces and increasingly propelled by its more vocal liberal wing.
Biden failed to gain traction with voters during previous presidential bid in 1988 and 2008. As speculation about his third effort mounted, Biden came under fire for his propensity for touching and kissing strangers at political events, with several women coming forward to say he had made them feel uncomfortable.
Biden struggled in his response to the concerns, at times joking about his behaviour. But ultimately, he apologised and said he recognised standards for personal conduct had evolved in the wake of the #MeToo movement.
“Joe Biden is going to regret this decision,” said Matt Gorman, a former official at the National Republican Congressional Committee, an arm of the Republican Party. “His candidacy will not only rehash his very long record in public life, but allow his opponents to subtly argue he is too old and too moderate to be the Democratic standard-bearer.” — Reuters
James Oliphant and John Whitesides